Four Wheeled Vehicle

Question

Scarlette asked:  I have an idea to build a 4 wheeled bike with a frame similar to a car mainly running on human power and a small electric motor. I have some questions concerning what would be allowed and what would still be classified as a bike.

Answer

If your vehicle will have four wheels, it cannot be a bicycle or an ebike.

  • 316.003 Definitions

(4) Bicycle – Every vehicle propelled solely by human power, having two tandem wheels, and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels. The term does not include a scooter or similar device. 

(22) Electric Bicycle – A bicycle or tricycle equipped with fully operable pedals, a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, and an electric motor of less than 750 watts which meets the requirements of one of the following three classifications: 

(a) “Class 1 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour. 

(b) “Class 2 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the electric bicycle and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour. 

(c) “Class 3 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour.

6 comments on “Four Wheeled Vehicle
  1. Craig L Chadwick says:

    Class 1, and Class 3 are the same with the exception of 20 mph and 28 mph. Sounds like one or the other for road use.

    • Matthew Greer says:

      As long as you don’t ride like a maniac and keep it under 20mph, esp. on bike paths, having a Class 3 ebike won’t cause you any problems.

  2. Matthew Greer says:

    Your answer:
    If your vehicle will have four wheels, it cannot be a bicycle or an ebike.

    But then you cite:
    316.003 Definitions
    (4) Bicycle – Every vehicle propelled solely by human power, having two tandem wheels, and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels. <—- Says two front and rear wheels can still be a bicycle!!! 2+2=4 so you can have a 4 wheeled bike it seems.

  3. Geo says:

    Matthew,

    Please note that it says two front OR two rear wheels, not two front AND two rear wheels.

    The difference is not important though since the operative statute does not refer to bicycles but human powered vehicles.

    “s. 316.2065 – Bicycle Regulations
    (1) Every person propelling a vehicle by human power has all of the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under this chapter …. “

    • Matthew Greer says:

      OK I got it. I’ve seen 4 wheel surrey bikes operating in Florida so I was sure they’re legal.. then I remembered where I saw them: Walt Disney World resorts.. where laws don’t apply LOL

  4. Geo says:

    Matthew,

    You may see other similar vehicles after this law was passed last year.
    s. 316.003 – Definitions
    (12) Commercial Megacycle – A vehicle that has fully operational pedals for propulsion entirely by human power and meets all of the following requirements:
    (a) Has four wheels and is operated in a manner similar to a bicycle.
    (b) Has at least 5 but no more than 15 seats for passengers.
    (c) Is primarily powered by pedaling but may have an auxiliary motor capable of propelling the vehicle at no more than 15 miles per hour.

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