Linda asked: The BOD just passed that residents could ride their bicycles toward traffic in our community that is considered private property. Question is, we have lots of traffic from vendors such as UPS, Fed Ex, electricians, plumbers, builders and homeowners heavily traveling these one way streets. Who is at fault if the person driving the bike gets hit by a vehicle going the correct way on the road? My opinion is the bicycle driver should follow the same rule as a car.
A private community may enact the rules it desires, including traffic rules.
The community may also elect to have traffic enforced by the local municipality law enforcement. If such an agreement is in place, state and local laws apply.
State law requires bicycles to travel in the direction of other traffic on the roadway..
s. 316.2065 – Bicycle Regulations
(1) Every person propelling a vehicle by human power has all of the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle ….
s. 316.081 – Driving on Right Side of Roadway; Exceptions
(1) Upon all roadways of sufficient width, a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway ….
That law was enacted after numerous studies that showed that bicycle travel against the flow of traffic was unsafe.
This article is one of many that explain the reason for the laws.
Lacking an agreement with law enforcement above, you would need to ask the board how their rules are to be enforced and who would determine fault in the event of an incident. It would appear the board has potential liability for enacting rules that seem to disregard historic safety practices and state laws.