Beth asked: A few situations have happened and I am questioning if the police officer is correct. Riding bike down a 2-lane road with no available shoulder. How much lane usage can I take up? I got stopped for being too far over in the lane of the car but that was because there was no shoulder to ride one. Another situation, I like riding early morning 3:00 am because no cars are on the road, trying to get a good workout riding 20 miles per hour, and got stopped for going through a stop sign even though i slowed down and made sure no cars were coming. Why should that matter at 3:00 in the morning when no one is on the road (except the police officer of course).
Concerning your second question, the law is clear, even at 3:00 AM with no traffic. It may not seem to make sense and Idaho has taken a common sense approach to bicycling laws. See this post:
Regarding your question about “keep right”, the answer depends on the width of the lane. If the lane is 14 feet or greater in width, we must keep as far right as is practicable to allow for efficient traffic flow. If the lane is less than 14 feet wide, which is about 95 % of roadways in Florida, it is considered a substandard-width lane and one of the exceptions to the keep right rule. One of the most dangerous things a cyclists can do is keep right in a narrow lane and encourage an overtaking motorist to try to squeeze by. For a full discussion of this issue, please see this post;
In the event that your situation involves a substandard-width lane, a number of similar citations have been successfully challenged. The recommended method of challenge is a pretrial motion to dismiss. An attorney is not required to file such a challenge, but using one is recommended. Separately, I will forward a boilerplate pretrial motion to dismiss that has been used successfully in a number of jurisdictions.