Limited Access Facility
RJ asked: Saturday I was pulled over while riding my bike down the interstate, and was told by the police I couldn’t ride my bike there but I never saw a sign; So can you tell me which roads I can and cannot ride my bike on even if there is a sidewalk.
The operator of a bicycle, a vehicle, has the rights and duties of all other drivers unless specified in the statutes. The presence of a sidewalk is not relevant.
s. 316.2065 – Bicycle Regulations
(1) Every person propelling a vehicle by human power has all of the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under this chapter, except as to special regulations in this chapter, and except as to provisions of this chapter which by their nature can have no application.
The most basic right is the use of the roadway, which is intended use by vehicles.
Bicycles are not permitted on limited access highways unless indicated by signage.
s. 316.091 – Limited Access Facilities; Interstate Highways; Use Restricted
(2) Except as provided herein, no person shall operate upon a limited access facility any bicycle, motor-driven cycle, animal-drawn vehicle, or any other vehicle which by its design or condition is incompatible with the safe and expedient movement of traffic.
(4) No person shall operate a bicycle or other human-powered vehicle on the roadway or along the shoulder of a limited access highway, including bridges, unless official signs and a designated, marked bicycle lane are present at the entrance of the section of highway indicating that such use is permitted pursuant to a pilot program of the Department of Transportation.
This is the definition of a limited access highway
s. 316.003 – Definitions
(19) Limited Access Facility – A street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason. Such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary forms of street and highway traffic.
If the roadway in question is truly a limited access facility, the entrance should be so marked and “No Bicycles” signs should be posted. However, I could find no similar definition of “Limited Access Facility” in Department of Transportation design documents nor the national Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, nor any guidance requiring signage to prohibit bicycles on these facilities in accordance with the statute above. If anyone is aware of anything to the contrary, please advise.
I recommend asking the roadway authority having jurisdiction if that is the case and requesting proper signage.