Bicycles May Use Full Lane Signs
Frank asked: In Florida, weren’t they SUPPOSED to put out Bicycles May Use Full Lanes signs EVERYWHERE in 2011 that had roads that have “substandard-width” lanes, meaning too narrow for a bicycle and a motor vehicle to safely travel side by side in the same lane? They actually had that information on TV in 2010! Whatever happened to that? I would love to know where I can go to suggest that they actually do that!
The BMUFL signs and Sharrows roadway markings were adopted by the FDOT in January 2011 and as far as I know have been installed in three locations in FL. I am not aware of an announcement that they would be installed in all locations in which there are substandard-width lanes, which according to FDOT, are less than 14 feet wide (and do not have marked bike lanes.)
FDOT Plans Preparation Manual
Chapter 8 – Bicycle Facilities
Section 8.4.3 Wide Curb Lanes
Wide outside curb lanes are through lanes which provide a minimum of 14 feet in width. This width allows most motor vehicles to pass cyclists within the travel lane, which is not possible in more typical 10-12 foot wide travel lanes.
About 95% (My estimate) of roadways without bike lanes in FL have single or outside lanes that are less than 14 feet wide. Paved shoulders are not part of the roadway in the statutes, and bicyclists may use them but are not required to do so.
s. 316.003 – Definitions
(42) Roadway – That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder.
Anyone interested in such signs and roadway markings in other locations should contact their local municipality, county or FDOT roadway representatives, or their local county Bicycle/Pedestrians Advisory Committee.
This is an announcement that was made by FDOT regarding Sharrows that were installed on the Bridge of Lions in St. Augustine. BMUFL signs were also installed.
February 17, 2012
New pavement marking to promote bicycle awareness to be placed on State Road A1A in St. Augustine
“Shared Lane Pavement Marking” to be installed on the Bridge of Lions
St. Augustine –The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) will be installing a new traffic control feature known as the “Sharrow” or “Shared Lane Pavement Marking” on State Road A1A in St. Augustine on the Bridge of Lions to bring awareness to expect bicycle riders.
Sharrows are used on narrow roadways where a full bike lane will not fit and there is not enough room for a car to pass a bicycle with the required 3-foot passing width. In this case, it is necessary for a bicyclist to “take the lane” and ride in front of motorists, rather than beside them. Bicyclists who are uncomfortable riding in traffic can still ride on the bridge sidewalk, as long as they yield to pedestrians.
- Enhances the safe travel of bicycles and motor vehicles in the same traffic lane.
- Helps position bicyclists on narrow lanes, where cars and bikes cannot travel side-by-side safely.
- Alerts motorists to where bicycles may use the full lane, as Florida law allows.
- Tells bicyclists where to safely ride and alerts motorists where to expect bicycles.
- Guides bicyclists to a safe position next to parking lanes, outside the “door zone,” where a parked car’s opened door may hit bicyclists.
- Encourages safe passing.
- Reduces wrong-way bicycling.
The FDOT, along with the City of St. Augustine and the North Florida Transportation Planning Organization, promotes the use of Sharrows to enhance safe bicycling and to bring awareness of bicyclists’ right to ride in the road.
I own an electric bike that meets all the requirements to be classified a bicycle under FS 316.003(2), but the West Palm Beach Police tell me I can not ride it on City park bicycle trails/paths because it is a motorized vehicle. Is there a city ordinance which prohibits motorized bicycles on bicycle paths?
It is a state law. Please see:
Under Florida law, can a bicycle “full lane use” designation also be used by a city for city streets or is it only applicable to state designated routes and roadways?
The state laws and associated traffic control devices apply to all Florida highways, including county and municipality roadways and sidewalks, but other authorities can enact ordinances that affect only their jurisdictions under certain circumstances if they do not conflict with state law.
s. 316.007 – Provisions Uniform Throughout State
The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable and uniform throughout this state and in all political subdivisions and municipalities therein, and no local authority shall enact or enforce any ordinance on a matter covered by this chapter unless expressly authorized. However, this section shall not prevent any local authority from enacting an ordinance when such enactment is necessary to vest jurisdiction of violation of this chapter in the local court.
This is one example of local authority powers. There are many others.
s. 316.008 – Powers of Local Authorities
(1) The provisions of this chapter shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities, with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, from:
(h) Regulating the operation of bicycles.